"… The country of Athena was judged… that they first planted the oil… Athena, although she herself called the city Athens…"
The mythological version of the olive tree states that in their famous duel, Poseidon struck with his trident on the Holy Rock of the Acropolis and "spilled water", while Athena "planted oil". The Gods of Olympus, who were the judges in this race, considered the "miracle" of Athena much more important, as a result of which she gave the city its own name, Athens. Since then, the olive tree has become the sacred tree of the Greeks, because with its products, the olive tree and the oil, every aspect of their life is related, nutrition, worship, health, while its branch, the "kotinos of victory", became its symbol. noble rivalry and selflessness of the Olympic Games and the Peace of the peoples of the earth.
«Αγλαόκαρπον» αποκαλεί την ελιά ο Όμηρος, ενώ ο Σοφοκλής μιλάει για «φύλλον παιδοτρόφου ελαίας».